International Journal of Computer Networks and Applications (IJCNA)

Published By EverScience Publications

ISSN : 2395-0455

International Journal of Computer Networks and Applications (IJCNA)

International Journal of Computer Networks and Applications (IJCNA)

Published By EverScience Publications

ISSN : 2395-0455

Energy Efficient Routing (EER) For Reducing Congestion and Time Delay in Wireless Sensor Network

Author NameAuthor Details

A. Anuba Merlyn, A. Anuja Merlyn

A. Anuba Merlyn[1]

A. Anuja Merlyn [2]

[1]Department of MCA, Colombo, Srilanka

[2]System Admin, St. Xavier's Bank, Nagercoil, India.

Abstract

A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) has sensor nodes which highly scalable and limited storage capability nodes. In the network, the nodes are in distributed manner and autonomous devices. The sensor node can communicate the information directly or indirectly. In WSN, the packets should be routed from source to destination within the limited power storage. The sensor nodes of WSN are highly mobile and based on the dynamic scenarios in the routing path and the network topology change frequently. A node in the routing path should be aware of the information regarding the nearest node. In traditional routing protocols, every node in the network exchanges periodic one-hop beacons. Beacons are short messages send periodically to indicate the neighbor nodes about their identification and position in the network. In the existing approach, some problems may occur during the data forwarding. Hence to overcome those problems Energy Efficient Routing (EER) approach is proposed in this paper. In the proposed modelling, the new algorithm named Discrete Delay Function (DDF) is introduced. In that algorithm, RTS/CTS message handshaking mechanism is used for data forwarding. By using this mechanism, the existing approaches’ limitations can be reduced. Simulation results show that EER scheme significantly outperforms existing protocols in wireless sensor networks with highly dynamic network topologies.

Index Terms

Discrete Delay Function

Energy Efficient Routing

Geographic Adaptive Fidelity

Geographic Energy Aware Routing

Reference

  1. 1.
    Jamal N. Al.Karaki, Ahamed E. Kamal, "Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey" IEEE Wireless Communications, December 2004.
  2. 2.
    Tayseer AL-Khdour, UthmanBaroudi, "Literature Review of MAC, Routing and Cross Layer Design Protocols for WSN", Wireless Sensor Network, ISBN: 978-953-307-325-5, June 2011.
  3. 3.
    Shio Kumar Singh, M.P.Singh, and D.K.Singh, "Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks-A Survey",International Journal of Computer Science & Engineering Survey(IJCSES) Vol.1,No.2, November 2010.
  4. 4.
    ElhamHajian and Kamal Jamshidi and Ali Boholooli, "Improve Energy Efficiency Routing In WSN By Using Automata", International Journal of Ad-hoc, Sensor & Ubiquitous Computing(IJASUC) Vol.1, No.2, June 2010.
  5. 5.
    Faith Celik,AhmetZengin and SinanTuncel, "A Survey on swarm intelligence based routing protocols in wireless sensor networks", International Journal of the Physical Sciences Vol.5(14), pp.2118-2126,4 Nov,2010.
  6. 6.
    AratiManjeshwar and Dharma P. Agarwal, "TEEN: A Routing for Enhanced Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Networks",IEEE Explore,pp.2009,2015, 2001.
  7. 7.
    Hannes Frey, Stefan Ruhrup, and Stojmenovic, "Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks", Wireless Sensor Network, Computer communications and Networks, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-84882-218-4_4, 2009.
  8. 8.
    Zhang Jin,YuJian-Ping,Zhou Si-Wang,LinYa-Ping and Li Guang, "A Survey on Position-Based Routing Algorithms in WirelessRouting",IJCCT Vol.1 Issue 2,3,4;2010 for International Conference [ACCTA-2010],3-5 August 2010.
  9. 9.
    SinchanRoychowdhury,ChiranjibPatra, "Geographic Adaptive Fidelity and Geographic Energy Aware Routing in Ad HocSensor Networks",www.mdpi.org/algorithms,ISSN 1999-4893,2,158-182, 2009.
  10. 10.
    Costas Busch and Malik Magdon-Ismail and Jing Xi, "Oblivious Routing for Sensor Network Topologies",SprinjerAricle, Chapter 13, Pages 381-406,2011.
IJCNA NPC